A critical appraisal of medication package inserts



  • Pranjit Narzaree

    Department of Pharmacology,
    Pt.B.D. Sharma, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (PGIMS), Rohtak, Haryana –

  • M. C. Gupta

    Department of Pharmacology,
    Pt.B.D. Sharma, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (PGIMS), Rohtak, Haryana –




Introduction: Package Inserts (PIs) refers to officially specified document that accompanies a drug for relevant, updated and unbiased information for rational drug use based on regulatory guidelines as per section 6.2 and 6.3 of schedule D of Indian Drug and cosmetic Act 1945. But some studies had shown non-uniformity with suboptimal level of informations which frequently can lead to medication errors. Hence this study was conducted to evaluate the completeness of PIs. Aim: To critically evaluate package inserts of allopathic medicines. Material and Methods: 100 allopathic drug PIs were collected from pharmacies in Rohtak and were checked for the presence of each heading as per schedule D criteria, followed by scrutiny of the information included under the heading. Indian guidelines were also compared with US FDA guidelines for PIs. Scoring of package inserts: The informations were evaluated for completeness and scored as 1 if present otherwise scored as zero for no information or partial information. Scores for each heading were calculated by totaling the scores of all the package inserts. The total scores were expressed as absolute numbers and percentages. Results: On an average PIs analyzed for the completeness of the criteria scored 10 (Mean SD = 9.732.48) out of 16. Absence of common layout and headings caused inconvenience. In comparison to US FDA guidelines it lacked, disclaimer statement, boxed warning, revision date, approval date, toll-free number etc. Conclusion: PIs dont seem to be serving effectively because of multiple deficiencies like completeness, uniformity, absence of headings.


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How to Cite

Narzaree P, Gupta MC. . Int J of Pharmc Res [Internet]. 2015Oct.16 [cited 2020May31];5(10):226-30. Available from: https://wordpress-973677-4103585.cloudwaysapps.com/index.php/ijpr/article/view/2473


Vol. 5 No. 10 (2015): Oct


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