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Waist circumference (WC) has been reported as an index of measurement of abdominal obesity, and cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies suggest the measurement of sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) as an index to predict the amount of visceral fat. Present study has analyzed anthropometric indicators mainly BMI, WC, HC, WC/HC and SAD, laboratory measurements i.e. Hb1Ac, and lipid indices [TC, TG, LDL, and VLDL and HDL in 110 patients with type II diabetes to evaluate association of SAD as an index of approximation of visceral fat and its relevance with Hb1Ac level. The study revealed a positive correlation between HbA1C and WC in the patients, while other anthropometric indices i.e. BMI, HC and WC/HC and HbA1C 7.5 and ?7.5 did not show significant difference, but level of SAD was similar in the patients of HbA1C 7.5 and ?7.5 and there was no correlation between HbA1C and SAD. We conclude that evaluation of association of changes in SAD with cardiovascular manifestations in type II diabetes need further research with large sample size with longitudinal follow up.
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